8 months ago

North Korea’s Issues are Coming to a Head for Alabama and the World

North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un watches a military drill marking the 85th anniversary of the establishment of the Korean—KCNA.

At the outset of the Korean War, President Truman remarked: “Korea is a small country, thousands of miles away, but what is happening there is important to every American.”

This sentiment seems to ring truer today than ever before. After the surprise test launch of an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) on July 4, the threat of violent confrontation with North Korea could be very real. The missile, dubbed Hwasong-14, has the range to potentially reach Alaska- the first serious missile North Korea has tested that could touch down on US soil.

Thankfully, we have a defense against these missiles that has worked exactly as it’s supposed to in recent tests.

As Yellowhammer’s Larry Huff wrote in a related column,

The Ground-Based Midcourse Defense program (GMD)—the only system that can protect the U.S. from the threat of ICBM-delivered nuclear weapons, was developed right here in Alabama, and the GMD must be fully funded and developed to ensure our national security.

Aside from these critical defense systems, after over 60 years of tension with the small volatile nation, the US needs to consider its options to quell a quickly rising North Korean threat.

Conflict with North Korea began in 1950 when then leader Kim Il-sung launched his invasion of South Korea to create a united communist nation. Ten days later, the first US troops arrived on Korean soil, where they stayed and aided South Korea for three years. Though the Korean War technically ended with a cease-fire in July 1953, the North and South have never truly stopped being at war. What endures is a decades long state of armed truce and mutual suspicion.

The US has remained involved in the Korean conflict since withdrawing troops in the 1950s, but to say that the nation has kept North Korea at arm’s length is an overstatement. After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, North Korea attempted to reach out to the US, but President Carter flat out denied the olive branch. In a belligerent response, North Korea started its nuclear development program. It has been America’s mission ever since to bring this program to a halt.

In 1993, the US engaged in tense negotiations with North Korea after it threatened to withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. After finally reaching a pact stating that it would stop nuclear development, North Korea secretly continued to work on nuclear weapons. Distrust heightened between the countries when the US discovered this betrayal in 2002. Following the events of 9/11, United States focus was shifted primarily to the Middle East. 15 years later, however, the US must focus once again on the North Korean problem.

Like all complicated political questions, it’s a problem without a clear solution. What is clear is that statements of intimidation from the US over the years, and most recently the vehement words of President Trump, have not been enough. The July 4 test does not seem the action of a government that feels threatened. To confront the growing threat from North Korea, the US needs to take decisive action and embrace a strategy of military readiness and strong diplomacy.

The United States, although wary of North Korea for several years, has had some trouble dealing with the dictatorship as either a tentative friend or a fierce enemy. North Korea is a difficult country to understand—and because of its failings and often absurd actions, an easy country to ridicule. Its lack of communication with the outside world, and the propaganda regime with its rampant lies, present confusion to nations around the globe.

Perhaps the most confounding aspect of North Korean relations is the country’s enigmatic leader, Kim Jong-un. The young North Korean dictator is somewhat of a mystery. There are wild stories of his viciousness, but all the world sees is the smiling, quiet leader ever conscious of his regime’s publicity. Though it’s obvious that he runs a brutal authoritarian machine, it’s unclear what exactly about him is the truth. No one truly knows his age, and he sometimes disappears without a trace for a month. He almost certainly assassinated his own half-brother, and it is speculated that he has killed 60-70 members of the North Korean leadership.Although at times Kim Jong-un and his regime seem completely irrational and insane, what they actually are is desperate, and desperation is importantly different from insanity. The insane will do anything, acting unpredictably and with no regard for themselves. The desperate will similarly do anything, but with one goal- to benefit themselves.

Although at times Kim Jong-un and his regime seem completely irrational and insane, in actuality, they are desperate, and desperation is perhaps more dangerous than insanity. What the United States fears most about North Korea is that it is insane- that it is unopen to negotiation and self-destructive. But if North Korea is desperate, the US can use this desperation to their advantage.

The best hope that the US has in dealing with North Korea is to squeeze it economically and force it to cooperate with other nations to stay alive. Direct military action is nearly unthinkable- millions would be harmed, and China would likely be even more upset about a devastated North Korean peninsula at its borders than a unified capitalist regime there. Rumors have flurried through the years of a possible “decapitation” strategy- the assassination of Kim Jong-un. But this type of violent action seems extreme. The US could agree to limit or completely suspend its military presence in South Korea, but this would not be a desirable move as the US wants to remain powerful in the region. Non-military options, like a cyber strike to curtail nuclear development, may be possible but might be difficult to coordinate.

Economic sanctions seem the most workable solution, for the time being. If North Korea is closed to vital trade, it would be pressured to make amends and stop seeking destructive missiles. China is a key ally for the US in pressuring North Korea, as it is the main source of economic support for the nation.

As noted above, the GMD must remain a priority for the Trump administration, as defensive military action should always be a priority.  It’s also critical that the U.S. coordinates a team effort with China, Japan, and South Korea to keep the North Korean threat contained. The United States must remain hopeful that through a mixture of pressure and dialogue, the North Korea problem can be solved with without violent escalation.

About the Author: Katie Pickle is a clerk at the Reid Law Firm. She graduated from the University of Virginia in 2016 with a double major in English and political science. Katie will begin her second year at Emory University School of Law in August, and she may be reached at katharine.reidlawfirm@gmail.com. For more information about the Reid, Law firm go to www.reidlawalabama.com

2 hours ago

Alabama Senate delays vote on church ‘Stand your Ground’ law

The Alabama Senate has delayed a vote on a proposed revision of the state’s self-defense law to clarify that deadly force can be used to defend someone in a church.

Senators delayed a Thursday vote after at least one senator threatened a filibuster.

Sen. Bobby Singleton said that the legislation is encouraging people to get “trigger happy.”


Alabama already has a self-defense law that someone can use deadly force if they reasonably believe a person is about to kill them or another person. The bill adds that people can use deadly force if they believe a person is about to use physical force against a church member or employee.

Supporters pointed to deadly church shootings and said members need the legal protection to respond to a threat.

(Associated Press, copyright 2018)

2 hours ago

Debbie Long is a 2018 Yellowhammer Woman of Impact

This summer, Debbie Long will call it a career at Protective Life Corp.

What a career it has been.

Long, who also is a 2018 Yellowhammer Woman of Impact, served as executive vice president, chief legal officer and corporate secretary of the insurance company before taking on a part-time advisory role this year. She is one of Alabama’s highest-paid female executives.


Long also has been a big contributor to her community.

Long told Business Alabama in 2012 that she always wanted to be a lawyer, although first she had idealistic visions of saving the world. After graduating in 1980 from the University of Alabama Law School and then clerking for a federal appeals court Judge Frank Johnson, she went to work for a law firm and practiced corporate law.

“Although I hadn’t initially wanted to practice business law, I found I loved it,” she told the publication.

Long left the firm along with several other lawyers to help form the powerhouse Birmingham firm of Maynard, Cooper and Gale.

In 1992, Long joined the board of Protective Life as general counsel of the insurance company.

Long told Business Alabama that her advice to would-be business leaders would be to stay open to opportunities that might come along at unexpected times.

“It’s very doubtful that someone’s going to come to you early in your career and say, ‘I want to be your mentor,’” she said. “It’s far more likely you will meet people along the way who will give you great advice if you are open to receiving it. Someone at a cocktail party might say something that could change your life.”

Long has been active in the larger business community. She has served as chairwoman of the Business Council of Alabama’s Judicial and Legal Reform Committee and also has worked on the Tax and Fiscal Policy Committee, the Federal Affairs Committee and on the board of ProgressPAC — the lobby’s political action committee.

Last year, the BCA honored her with the Robert W. “Bubba” Lee Political Courage Award, given each year to someone who is willing to take the right position regardless of cost.

“She has shown through her support that she cares about the Alabama business community and she values the role we play and the jobs we create,” BCA Chairman Perry Hand said at the time. “She has been a distinguished member of the Alabama and Birmingham business communities for nearly three decades.”

Her charitable endeavors include Big Brothers/Big Sisters of Greater Birmingham, the YWCA of Birmingham, Oasis Women’s Counseling Center, the Birmingham Museum of Art and Partners in Neighborhood Growth Inc.

In addition, she serves on the Alabama Women’s Commission and the Public Affairs Research Council of Alabama, as well as The Fellows program of the American Bar Foundation.

“It is her commitment to excellence that has made her such a valuable asset to Alabama’s business community, and there are few individuals more dedicated to our corporate community, the rule of law, and the political arena than Debbie Long,” Hand said last year.

Join Long and special guests from across the state for a Birmingham awards event March 29 honoring the 20 Yellowhammer Women of Impact whose powerful contributions advance Alabama. Details and registration may be found here.

@BrendanKKirby is a senior political reporter at LifeZette and author of “Wicked Mobile.”

2 hours ago

Alabama Rural Broadband Act on governor’s desk

A bill that would provide grants to aid rural broadband expansion is on Gov. Kay Ivey’s desk.

The legislation was delivered to the Capitol on Wednesday afternoon after the Senate adopted changes to the Alabama Rural Broadband Act previously made in the House.

Originally conceived as a bill that would offer tax incentives to companies to provide high-speed internet services to some of the state’s more remote areas, the bill was changed to offer grants instead. Projects that would provide speeds of 25 megabits per second down and 3 megabits per second up would be eligible for $1.4 million per project, while projects providing minimum speeds of 10/1 could get $750,000 each.


The bill is expected to provide $10 million annually, with the program being administered by the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs. Private providers and cooperatives would be eligible for the money, but government entities would not.

The sponsor, Sen. Clay Scofield (R-Guntersville), wanted to give providers tax credits for providing broadband rather than cash. The bill still has safeguards in place – the money won’t be received upfront and a legislative committee would monitor the program for effectiveness.

Scofield couldn’t be reached for comment this week.

Ivey is expected to sign the bill after speaking about the need for such programs in her January State of the State speech. The legislation sailed through the Alabama Legislature, receiving unanimous yes votes in the House on Tuesday and in the Senate concurrence vote on Wednesday.

Speaker of the House Mac McCutcheon (R-Monrovia), said grants are better for taxpayers.

“It’s more transparent and gives us more accountability,” he said.

In reality, both funding mechanisms have been dismissed by critics. The MacIver Institute said in a 2014 report that incentives can actually hurt economic growth, while Obama’s stimulus grant program was one of the more stark examples of grant largesse.

Alabama lawmakers hope their broadband plan goes hand-in-hand with a proposal from President Trump to spend an immediate $200 billion and long-term $1.5 trillion on infrastructure improvements. Trump hopes to spur more public-private partnerships – so-called P3s – with his proposal to help state and local governments shoulder more of the load. But his plan has faced criticism on both sides – Democrats aren’t fans of the president’s goal to put more costs on the states, while many Republicans say the plan calls for too much spending and haven’t exactly deemed it a high priority this session.

Some on both sides have criticized the lack of any guaranteed funds for broadband, although the plan cites high-speed internet as an infrastructure priority. There are concerns that federal broadband grants could accelerate the growth of government internet projects, which have largely been a sinkhole for taxpayer money.

3 hours ago

Alabama Committee approves ethics exemption for economic developers

An Alabama Senate committee has approved legislation, pushed by the state’s top industry recruiter, to exempt professional economic developers from the state ethics law.

The Fiscal Responsibility and Economic Development Committee approved the House-passed bill Wednesday on a 10-2 vote. It now moves to the Senate floor.


The proposal would exempt professional economic developers from the rules that govern lobbyists. The rules include registering with the state, undergoing yearly training and reporting activity.

Alabama Commerce Secretary Greg Canfield has said professional site developers, who help businesses decide where to locate, will not work in Alabama if they must register as lobbyists.

Ethics Commission Executive Director Tom Albritton has expressed concern about exempting a group of people, whose primary job involves interacting with government officials, from the state ethics law.

(Associated Press, copyright 2018)

Human trafficking bill that would impose severe penalties for obstruction is step closer to becoming law

Anyone who obstructs a human trafficking investigation in Alabama could be met with the same penalties as the traffickers if the governor signs a bill that passed the House this week with near unanimous support.

The bill, which already passed the Senate, increases penalties in place for those who obstruct, interfere with, prevent, or otherwise get in the way of law enforcement’s investigation into the practice that includes child sex trafficking.

Under current law, such obstruction is only a Class C felony and could result in just one year in prison. The new legislation would increase the maximum offense to a Class A felony, with a minimum jail sentence of ten years.


Senator Cam Ward (R-Alabaster) sponsored the bill and said he is proud that the Alabama Legislature made this a priority.

“This week we’ve taken another crucial step in ending this horrific practice,” Ward said in a statement. “By increasing penalties for those who would aid traffickers, we will hold them just as accountable as the traffickers themselves.”

Human trafficking victims are often children who are trafficked into sexual exploitation at an average age between 11-14 years old, according to the Alabama Human Trafficking Task Force.

“Most people assume, ‘Well, that doesn’t happen in my backyard,’” Ward said in an interview with Yellowhammer News when the bill was first introduced. “…It’s everywhere in our state, but there’s low awareness as to how bad it really is.”

Just this week, a Decatur man pled guilty to child sex trafficking and other charges related to his plan to kidnap, rape and kill a mother and sell her 14-year-old daughter to a Memphis pimp, according to horrifying details reported by the Decatur Daily.

Brian David “Blaze” Boersma’s plan was thwarted because an informant, who Boersma recruited to help him with his plan, alerted the FBI.

“Oftentimes it’s like what we say with terrorism,” Ward said. “If you see something suspicious, tell somebody, because a lot of times, trafficking can take place right underneath our noses in our communities.”

The legislation to increase penalties for obstructing human trafficking investigations was delivered to Governor Kay Ivey for her signature Wednesday afternoon.

Rachel Blackmon Bryars is managing editor of Yellowhammer News.